The Transformation of Oita's Industries
|The Gross Prefectural Product of Oita was 4
trillion 400 billion yen (in 1999), which consisted of 3.1% of primary
industries, 36.9% of secondary industries, and 61.0% of tertiary industries.
The proportion of secondary industry was higher compared to other
prefectures in Kyushu or to the national average. Establishment of
"New Industrial Cities" was the catalyst in helping the
prefecture to shift its industrial focus from primary to secondary
Steel, petrochemical and chemical plants, as well as other industries
have been launched in the Oita Coastal Industrial Zone since Oita
was designated as the "New Industrial City" in 1963. Major
high-tech enterprises, such as electric and precision machinery industries,
have been established rapidly since the implementation of the "Northern
Oita and Kunisaki Area Technopolis Project" in 1984, or the "Oita
Area Brain Location Project". Oita 's industrial structure has
changed from being material-based to being processing and assembly-based
since then. The total value of shipment in the manufacturing industry
in 1980 was 2.1 trillion yen. The ratio of shipment value by category
showed 23.9% steel, 15.4% oil and coal, 13.0% chemical and only 3.9%
electric machines. However, the 1998 shipment value in the manufacturing
industry leaped to 2.83 trillion yen. At the same time, the ratio
occupied by the electric machine became the highest at 23.7% and those
of chemical ( 11.0%) and steel (10.5%) fell. This transition during
the 20 years clearly indicates the change in industrial structure,
from material-based industries to processing/assembly-based industries.
The "Oita Prefectural Accumulation and Activation Project of
High Technology Industry" (established in 1999), which was a
shift from the previous "Technopolis Project" and "Oita
Area Brain Location Project", has been developed. 111 IC/electronics-related
companies have established/plan to establish new branches in the target
areas (6 cities, 13 towns, and 2 villages, such as Oita City, Beppu
City, and Nakatsu City). The concentration of high technology industries
brings advanced industries a step further in fulfilling their aim
to be a part of a "Technologically-advanced Prefecture"
and "Intellectual Prefecture".
To Create a More Attractive Shopping Street
|As the economic environment changes in areas
such as the increasingly diversifying needs of consumers, or the development
of the transportation system, the commercial and distribution industries
have also greatly evolved. Remarkable numbers of large supermarkets
and discount shops have opened in the suburb areas, as well as various
convenience stores in the city area. The largest shopping center was
opened in the suburbs of the prefectural capital of Oita City in December
2000, and constructions of similar shopping centers are under way.
Old shopping streets which used to prosper in the urban areas in the
prefecture face seri-ous competition, and the problems to be solved
focus not only on their roles as shopping places, but also as "active
and flourishing places" and "bases of exchange and communication".
The business spheres have expanded, largely due to the increased internationalization
and the extension of the highway into Oita. As measures to aid in
the expansion, the "Foreign Access Zone Fasilities" (at
Oita Port Ozai Area) and "Large Distribution Industrial Area"
(at Sano area in Eastern Oita City) were established.
Number Employed, by Industrial Sector=>
Gross Prefectural Product by Industrial Sector=>
Oita Canon Material Inc. (Kitsuki City)
Tokiwa Wasada Town (Oita City)
"Challenge Shop" Concept Utilizing Unused Offices (Hita City)
Rest Rooms Utilizing Unused Offices(Taketa City)